Subsequently, Moi stood for re-election and won a 5th term in 1997. Under the new constitution and with President Kibaki prohibited by term limits from running for a third term, Deputy Prime Minister Uhuru Kenyatta ran for office. As of 2020, Kenya is the third largest economy in sub-Saharan Africa after Nigeria and South Africa. Notable prehistoric sites in the interior of Kenya include the (possibly archaeoastronomical) site Namoratunga on the west side of Lake Turkana and the walled settlement of Thimlich Ohinga in Migori County. Other traditional dances include the Ohangla among the Luo, Nzele among the Mijikenda, Mugithi among the Kikuyu, and Taarab among the Swahili. [86], In mid-2011, two consecutive missed rainy seasons precipitated the worst drought in East Africa seen in 60 years. Fortunately, there are laws in place the forbid anyone from taking down any of the town’s structures. [157] In 2014, the Chinese contracted railway project from Nairobi to Mombasa was suspended due to a dispute over compensation for land acquisition. The word safari also derives originally from Swahili and means “to travel”. [57] During this period, substantial governmental changes to land tenure occurred. According to archaeological dating of associated artifacts and skeletal material, the Cushites first settled in the lowlands of Kenya between 3,200 and 1,300 BC, a phase referred to as the Lowland Savanna Pastoral Neolithic. [110] Kenya is one of the most pro-American nations in Africa, and the wider world. [25], During excavations at Lake Turkana in 1984, paleoanthropologist Richard Leakey, assisted by Kamoya Kimeu, discovered the Turkana Boy, a 1.6-million-year-old Homo erectus fossil. Breakfast is usually tea or porridge with bread, chapati, mahamri, boiled sweet potatoes, or yams. One of its most interesting geographical features is the Great Rift Valley, which was formed some 20 million years ago when the crust of the earth was split. The Kenyatta family also heavily invested in the coastal hotel business, with Kenyatta personally owning the Leonard Beach Hotel. Not much of this dark and beany demand is sold domestically. [26][27][28], The first inhabitants of present-day Kenya were hunter-gatherer groups, akin to the modern Khoisan speakers. Kenya is one of the most preferred and popular tourist destinations attracting several tourists from all over the world every year. Her primary focus and passion is traveling, which she does full time and continues to be her preferred topic when composing articles. Primarily consisting of a mixture of Kiswahili and English, it is an example of linguistic code-switching. Tourism in Kenya is the second-largest source of foreign exchange revenue following agriculture. In 2014, the country's macroeconomic indicators were re-based, causing the GDP to shift upwards to low-middle-income country status. [95] Livestock predominates in the semi-arid savanna to the north and east. Between 1920 and 1963, Kenya was a colony of the United Kingdom. Operation Anvil opened on 24 April 1954, after weeks of planning by the army with the approval of the War Council. Kenya is a presidential representative democratic republic, in which elected officials represent the people and the president is the head of state and government. Kenyan staple foods are cereals and pulses such as corn, millet, sorghum and beans as well as vegetables and fruit. In fact, the borders were only finalized in 1895, and even then it didn’t have a real name. Regional variations and dishes also exist. There are an estimated 47 different communities, with Bantus (60%) and Nilotes (30%) constituting the majority of local residents. Arkansas was the 29th state to join the United States of America on June 15, 1836. To stop the death and displacement of people, Kibaki and Odinga agreed to work together, with the latter taking the position of a prime minister. [39], The Kilwa Sultanate was a medieval sultanate centred at Kilwa, in modern-day Tanzania. The official name for Kenya is the Republic of Kenya. Its people are very relaxed, and often can be found working in the fields or in some sector of agriculture. [203] There are very wide regional disparities: for example, Nairobi had the highest level of literacy at 87.1 per cent, compared to North Eastern Province, the lowest, at 8.0 per cent. 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