It can, in various ways, strengthen the identity and cohesion of a group (Baily and Collyer 2006; Boura 2006; Erol 2012; Lewis 2010; Martiniello and Lafleur 2008; Reyes‐Ruiz, 2005) and create a diasporic consciousness among its members (Brennan 2012; Roberson 2010). Lettris is a curious tetris-clone game where all the bricks have the same square shape but different content. The full text of this article hosted at is unavailable due to technical difficulties. 126 9.1 Refugee population by region, 2006. Stokes, Martin. A windows (pop-into) of information (full-content of Sensagent) triggered by double-clicking any word on your webpage. social network. Through chants and work songs people of African decent preserved elements of their African heritage while inventing new genres of music. In dialogue with some of the foundational literature of diasporic studies, these articles also provide conceptual frameworks that delineate both the potentialities and limits inherent in the diaspora concept, specifically as they apply (or may apply) to music. Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on Ramnarine, Tina K. “Musical Performance in the Diaspora: Introduction.” In Musical Performance in the Diaspora. Instead, they take pride in their shared experience and feel a certain social and political “strength-in-numbers.” Today, the needs and demands of large diaspora often influence government policy ranging from foreign affairs and economic development to immigration. Sociological Abstracts covers the central areas of the studied topic. ○   Lettris However, this is not a simple process of transmission whereby members passively absorb a collective identity, but it is rather a process of negotiation in which many sources are used to the shape a collective identity. Nevertheless, steel drums spread across the Caribbean, and are now an entrenched part of the culture of Trinidad and Tobago.[2]. Musical performances are places where marginalised cultures find public expression and contribute to the construction of a particular community. The web service Alexandria is granted from Memodata for the Ebay search. You can also try the grid of 16 letters. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'diaspora.' Due to globalisation processes, with their flows of ideas, people and products, hybridisations are continuously arising between cultural identities, practices and belongings (Ong 1999; Robinson 2013). In order to check whether the findings are in line with recent discussions in ethnomusicology, I have reviewed the latest volumes of two key journals: Ethnomusiciology (journal of the Society of Ethnomusicology) and Ethnomusicology Forum (journal of the British Forum for Ethnomusicology). When music is expressed in a new cultural context, it tends to absorb new musical elements (Baily 2006; Baily and Collyer 2006; Bennett 1997; Murthy 2009). “Introduction: Ethnicity, Identity and Music.” In Ethnicity, Identity and Music: The Musical Construction of Place. All substantive articles appearing in these journals are abstracted and indexed. The second part elaborates a little further on the topic of the study by discussing music's role in identity formation more generally, as well as the conceptual meaning of diaspora. How to use diaspora in a sentence. Driven by the demand for cheap manual labor in these countries, most of these migrants were unskilled workers. This brief article offers a useful overview of the use (and misuse) of the “diaspora” concept in ethnomusicology, both currently (as of 2012 in the updated edition) and over the years, examining the term’s emergence, expansion, and evolution in the field. Class is especially emphasised in the discussion on ethnicity and music, while age is addressed in some studies, especially in the context of generational change. The most relevant of them are then singled out for deeper consideration. Music can serve both to stabilise and maintain identities and belongings – but also to destabilise them, providing new material and resources for identity formation. Which of the following does an ailurophile like? In those cases “central concepts” refers to the focus of the study's analysis. Diaspora denoted forced dispersal, exile, and loss (Clifford 1994). Also, a diaspora can be strategically used for social and political reasons, either by the group itself, to gain a privileged position (Safran 1991), or by other groups, resulting in an essentialisation of the diasporic identity, which becomes a bounded and fixed entity in which the different experiences and expectations of the members are homogenised. Music is a human universal, but its meaning is not (Titon 2009b). However, the aim of this study is not to map the state of knowledge or to elaborate a coherent theory on music's role in ethnic identity formation; rather, it is modestly to explore research that discusses this topic, summarise the findings, and also point to topics in need of future studies. In 70 CE, the Judeans launched a revolution which ended tragically in 73 BCE with the Roman siege of the Jewish fort of Masada. For displaced communities, there is a significant need to “make place” in displacement (van Aken 2006). There may be literature which was not reviewed that goes more deeply into, and/or covers other aspects of the role of music in identity formation in diaspora; however, until now no systematic review has been performed of the general topic of music's role in ethnic identity formation in diaspora. This means that there are fields that are not well represented in the review, because certain disciplinary and sub‐disciplinary traditions (not least within the humanities) mainly publish their results in monographs and edited volumes that are not systematically covered by any international database. Music studies have much to offer to the study of diasporas in general as they can illuminate the processes and complexities within them in a number of ways. Get XML access to reach the best products. Six search strings were constructed, and the number of articles found by each search is as follows: Like all research designs, this study has its limitations. However, recent research has found that the word is quite a bit older than previously thought. As the list shows, the search resulted in 284 hits, but due to overlaps (different search strings find some of the same articles), the total number of articles found was 100. Listening to and performing music facilitates the articulation, shaping and acknowledgement of a particular cultural or ethnic identity (Boura 2006; Chapman 2005; Erol 2012; Grams 2013; Gross et al. A critical overview of the relationship between music and identity, particularly in terms of the ways in which music can articulate/inform a sense of place; negotiate ethnic, national, and gender identities; and navigate within hybrid or pluralized identities. This is most explicit in Maya Knauer's (2008) case study on Afro‐Cuban cultural expression in New York City, which stresses the spatial dimension of music practices. Music may be used to marginalise “the other”, but in a different way. Global diffusion of lifestyles and values, transnational migration, de‐territorialisation of identities, and a changed view of citizenship, where states (partly) welcome pluralism and multiculturalism, have resulted in a cultural hybridity where identities are not fixed entities but negotiated and dynamic constructs (Kokot et al. music AND integrat* AND urban (27 articles found). Learn a new word every day. Because culture is a process (Hall 1990), not a stable and complete product, cultural resources – artefacts, rituals, and knowledge – provide the basis for continuous construction and renegotiation of ethnic identities. 1994; Klein 2005; Maya Knauer 2008; Morrison 2005; Roberson 2010; Van Aken 2006). A number of studies also stress that musical performance in public space serves not only to make a particular group visible in society, but it also shows that a particular culture should be part of the wider society (Bennett 1997; Bohlman 2011; Maya Knauer 2008; Van Aken 2006; Whiteley et al. For studies making use of more intensive methods of data analysis, methodological strategies exist (such as re‐contextualisation and abstraction) for making results transferable to other contexts or for discovering fundamental mechanisms behind specific empirical results (Kvale 2007; Sayer 2010).